In April, 1906, the first Yellow Pages appeared in the Detroit Telephone Directory. Michigan Bell and Western Electric Warehouse still stands on Oakman and Woodrow Wilson, now owned by the Neighborhood Service Organization helping the homeless and is a rehab center.
The Tigers are 0 for 3 against the Rays. They play the Astros tonight at 8:10
Today in History:
1860 – The first Pony Express mail service riders left St. Joseph, Missouri and Sacramento, California. The 1900-mile trip across country took nearly 10 days, with 184 stations along the way. The Pony Express lasted only 19 months.
1948 – U.S. President Harry Truman signed legislation authorizing the European Recovery Program to revive war-torn Europe. More commonly known as the Marshall Plan, named after Secretary of State George Marshall, it amounted to $13 billion in aid over four years for 16 countries. This was in addition to $13 billion in American aid already given to Europe between the end of the war and the start of the Plan.
1949 – Dean Martin and Jerry Lewis began a three-year run with “The Martin and Lewis Show” on NBC Radio.
1953 – TV Guide magazine was published for the first time at its base in Radnor, Pennsylvania.
1959 – The British Broadcasting Corporation banned the Coasters’ recording of “Charlie Brown” because of its reference to “spitballs.” The ban was lifted two weeks later.
1965 – Sam the Sham and the Pharaohs released the single “Wooly Bully.”
1966 – Folksinger Peter Tork opened a solo stint at the Troubadour in Hollywood. At that point, Tork had auditioned for, but not yet secured, a role in “The Monkees” TV series.
1968 – At Mason Temple in Memphis, the Rev. Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. delivered his “I’ve been to the mountaintop” speech, less than 24 hours before his assassination.
1972 – Pioneering comic film actor Charlie Chaplin returned to the United States after a 20-year self-imposed exile in order to accept a special Oscar at the 44th Academy Awards ceremony. The Honorary Award was for “the incalculable effect he has had in making motion pictures the art form of this century.” When he appeared on stage at the Dorothy Chandler Pavilion in Los Angeles, Chaplin received the longest standing ovation in Academy Award history, lasting twelve minutes.
1973 – The first mobile phone call was made as Motorola executive Martin Cooper called his friend Joel Engel at Bell Laboratories from a New York City street. The inspiration for his invention was Captain Kirk’s communicator from the “Star Trek” TV series. Released commercially nearly ten years later, Motorola’s original DynaTAC was 10 inches in length and weighed 2.5 pounds.
1978 – Larry King moved the base of his Mutual Broadcasting System radio show from Miami to Washington DC.
1979 – Jane Byrne was elected the first woman mayor of Chicago. She was narrowly defeated in the 1983 Democratic primary for mayor by Harold Washington who ultimately succeeded her.
1981 – In San Francisco, the Osborne 1, the world’s first successful portable computer, was unveiled at the West Coast Computer Faire.
1982 – John Chancellor ended his tenure as anchor of the “NBC Nightly News.” He was succeeded by co-anchors Roger Mudd and Tom Brokaw.
1985 – After 57 years, the famed Brown Derby restaurant on Vine Street in Hollywood closed.
1989 – Pepsi-Cola dismissed Madonna as a spokesperson after her “Like a Prayer” video was called “blasphemous” by the Vatican.
1993 – Ray Charles became the first performer to have hits on Billboard’s charts in six different decades when his version of Leon Russell’s “A Song For You” entered the R&B singles chart. His first appearance on the R&B chart was in 1949 with the Maxin Trio’s “Confession Blues.”
2007 – Rolling Stone Keith Richards denied to MTV his own earlier claim in a New Musical Express interview that he once snorted the ashes of his deceased father during a drug binge.
2010 – The Apple iPad went on sale.
2013 – NBC-TV announced a late night switch, replacing Jay Leno as host of “The Tonight Show” with Jimmy Fallon and moving the franchise back to New York City, to be effective in the spring of 2014.
1783 – Washington Irving, American author (Legend of Sleepy Hollow), born in NYC, New York (d. 1859)
1922 – Doris Day, American singer, animal welfare activist and actress known as the “girl next door” actress (Pillow Talk, The Man Who Knew Too Much), born in Cincinnati, Ohio. (d. 2019)
1923 – Jan Sterling [Jane Adriance], American actress (Ace in the Hole, The High and the Mighty), born in NYC, New York (d. 2004)
1924 – Marlon Brando, American actor (The Godfather, A Streetcar Named Desire; On the Waterfront), born in Omaha, Nebraska. (d. 2004)
1926 – Virgil Grissom, US Air Force test pilot and NASA astronaut (Mercury-Redstone 4, Gemini 3, Apollo 1), born in Mitchell, Indiana (d. 1967)
1934 – Jane Goodall, British primatologist, anthropologist, and writer (Through a Window: My Thirty Years With the Chimpanzees of Gombe), born in Hampstead, London, England.
1937 – Louis Satterfield [also known as Lui-Lui, Ealee, and Sat], American trombone player (The Pharaohs, Earth, Wind & Fire, Phenix Horns), born in Shaw, Mississippi (d. 2004)
1938 – Jeff Barry [Joel Adelberg], American pop songwriter (“Do Wah Diddy Diddy”; “Da Doo Ron Ron”; “Chapel Of Love”; “Leader Of The Pack’), born in Brooklyn, New York
1941 – Eric Braeden, German-American actor (Victor Newman-Young & Restless, Colossus), born in Bredenbek, Germany
1941 – Jan Berry, American rock and roll vocalist (Jan and Dean – “Surf City”), born in Los Angeles, California (d. 2004)
1941 – Philippé Wynne, American soul singer (“I’ll Be Around”), born in Detroit, Michigan (d. 1984)
1942 – Billy Joe Royal, American country and pop singer (“Down in the Boondocks”), born in Valdosta, Georgia (d. 2015)
1942 – Marsha Mason, American actress (Blume in Love, Cinderella Liberty), born in St Louis, Missouri
1942 – Wayne Newton, American singer and entertainer (Daddy, Don’t You Walk So Fast; Danke Schon), born in Norfolk, Virginia
1943 – Doreen Tracey, British-born American performer (Mickey Mouse Club-Mouseketeer), born in St Pancras, London (d. 2018)
1944 – Barry Pritchard, British rock guitarist (Fortunes – “You’ve Got Your Troubles”; “Here It Comes Again”; “This Golden Ring”), born in Birmingham, England (d. 1999)
1944 – Tony Orlando [Cassavitis], American pop singer (& Dawn – “Tie A Yellow Ribbon”; “Knock Three Times”), born in NYC, New York
1946 – (David) Dee Murray [Oates], British bassist (Elton John backing band), born in Gillingham, Kent, England (d. 1992)
1956 – Ray Combs, American comedian and TV host (Family Feud, 1988-94), born in Hamilton, Ohio (d. 1996)
1958 – Alec Baldwin, American Emmy Award-winning actor (Knots Landing; Beetlejuice; Glengarry Glen Ross; SNL; 30 Rock), born in Amityville, New York
1961 – Eddie Murphy, American comedian and actor (SNL, 1980-84; 48 Hours; Beverly Hills Cop; Raw; Pluto Nash), born in Brooklyn, New York